The difference between to make and to do
There are two basic differences between the two verbs. We will look at them shortly. First, I'd like to remind you that language isn't a hard science. It has rules, but its rules are not inviolable. Here too, the rules we're going to look at aren't inviolable, but they will help you to have a grasp of how to use the two verbs properly.
- we use make with things that we enjoy. We enjoy making dinner, love, a fortune, friends, a trip, but also noise, an enquiry, a mess, a remark, and a speech.
- we use make to indicate creation. Something doesn't exist, we make it, it exists. We make noise, a mistake, a suggestion, a phone call, a fool of oneself, and so on.
- we use do with things we don't really enjoy doing. We do our job, the homework, the housework, the ironing, the shopping, harm, the laundry, and so on.
- we use do to indicate participation in activity. We don't create anything. We participate. We do chores, research, an exercise, an assignment, time (in prison), your best, something, the washing up, and so on.
Two basic differences, even though it is only with practise and more practise that the verbs, or any part of any language, can be mastered.